As a reading disorder, Dyslexia is characterised by significant impairment in the development of reading skills, observable by reading performances well below the normal range for given age groups and IQ levels, and not explained by sensory deficits (such as visual, hearing impairment), insufficient scholarship or overall mental development only.
If one of the parents has dyslexia, the child has a 40-60% chance of having it too. The chances of getting it are even higher if more of your relatives have dyslexia.
Dyslexia is among the most common neurodevelopmental disorders with approximately 10-20% of the population impacted by it.
Dyslexia and how it relates to brain function are complicated topics. We know there are brain differences between people who have dyslexia and those who don’t. Researchers are still trying to understand the brain relationship with dyslexia.
If you suspect dyslexia, a diagnostic is the first step. They are generally administered by educational psychologists, either at your school or privately. There are also screening tools like Dystech to provide you with the likelihood of dyslexia.
Dyslexia doesn’t go away. But with good instruction and practice, individuals with dyslexia can improve at reading and succeed like everyone else.